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Brief of Jodhpur

Jodhpur is located in the western region of Rajasthan and at the edge of the Thar Desert. Jodhpur is the second largest city of the state. Wander around and explore the fascinating region with historical monuments. Learn more about the legendary past of Jodhpur with the tour of historical places ofJodhpur. There are numerous tourist attractions of Jodhpur that has historical significances. Mehrangarh Fort is a 5 km long fort and has four gateways. The fort stands on a

125 m high hill.Built in 1899 AD, Jaswant Thada showcases the magnificent work of white marble. Cheetar Palace (Umaid Bhawan Palace) is a 20th century structure. It took 16 years to complete the construction of the palace. A part of the palace has now been converted into aheritage hotel and another part houses a museum. Girdikot and Sardar Market is one of the oldest markets of the region. You can buy colorful handicraft from here. Government Umaid Museum houses rare paintings, weapons, sculptures and artifacts. A tour to Jodhpur never disappoints any travelers.
History of Jodhpur

Set at the edge of the Thar desert, the imperial city of Jodhpur echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness of the desert. Once the capital of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha - chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be descendants of Rama - the epic hero of the Ramayana. The massive 15th century A. D. Mehrangarh Fort looms on the top of a rocky hill, soaring 125 Mts. Above the plains. The city is encompassed by a high wall - 10 km

long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions. A major trade centre of the 16th century A. D. the fortress - city of Jodhpur is now the second largest city of Rajasthan.

How to reach Jodhpur
Jodhpur is well connected to all the major cities which includes Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Jaipur, Udaipur.
Jodhpur is on the Broad Gauge and hence connected to all the metro cities of India. There are daily trains from Jaipur, Delhi, Mumbai & Kolkata.
Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air conditioned buses from Delhi (Bikaner House, Nr. India Gate) to Jodhpur. The roads are very good, and it takes around 8-9 hrs from Jodhpur. You can also come by taxi.

Best time to visit Jodhpur
Sep to March

Climate of Jodhpur
Summer: 42.2oC (Max) - 27.3oC (Min)
Winter: 27.5oC (Max) - 9.5oC (Min)
Rainy Season: from July to Mid Sept, and very humid (Upto 90%)

Fairs and Festivals of Jodhpur

Nagaur Fair
This eight days fair held every year during the month of Jan-Feb, is popularly known as the Cattle fair and is the second largest in Rajasthan. Nagaur Town is the most picturesque of Rajput townships. Nagaur is a sea of animals, trading over 70,000 bullocks, camels and horses every year. The bullocks are known for their fleetness. Not only are the animals lavishly decorated, even their owners flaunt wearing colourful turbans and long moustaches.

Shearing sheep, handsome marwari horses to spices all compiled in one fair. Attractions include the mirchi bazaar (largest red-chilly market of India), wooden items, iron-crafts and camel leather accessories.

Sports like tug - of - war, camel races, bullock races and cock fights; jugglers; puppeteers, story - tellers; and exciting campfire evenings are held to entertain the tourists. Folk music of the Jodhpur variation echoes the tranquil desert sand. Nagaur is well connected to the major cities by road and rail. Nearest airport is Jodhpur, some 135kms away.
Makar Sankranti
The festival is celebrated on the 14th of January every year. This has now become the festival of kite - flying which does not spare the soaring spirits of anyone in Jaipur. The devoted ones, however, take a holy dip in the kund at Galtaji. The traditional sweet associated with it is Phirni, made in abundance by the halwais of Jaipur
Young girls and newly married women praying for their loved one or husband respectively, offer prayers to Goddess Parvati in spring (March - April). A colourful procession follows the silver and gold palanquins of Goddess Parvati brought out from the City Palace. Ghever, the traditional sweet associated with this festival is prepared all over the city.
Elephant Festival
This festival is held on the day of Holi, the festival of colours, at the Chaughan stadium. Beautifully decorated and caparisoned elephants assemble to participate in the royal procession. Elephant polo, elephant race,elephant tug-of-war with a few tourist and holi on elephant back are some of the exciting events.
To celebrate the advent of the monsoon, girls and young women dressed in colourful leharia sarees or costumes, sing songs and offer puja to goddess parvati, and pray for conjugal bliss and happiness. An elaborate procession comes out of the City Palace for two consecutive days. Villagers come to watch it in large numbers and buy knick-knacks from the stalls on the footpaths of the main bazars.
Dussehra is celebrated by staging Ramlila in different parts of the city and cuminating in the ceremonial burning of the giant effigies of Ravan, Kumbhakaran and Meghnath, celebrating Lord Rama's victory over the Demon King, and victory of Good over Evil. A mela is organised at Amer and thousands of devotees visit the templeof Shila Mataji situated there. Special puja is offered by the former Maharaja in the City Palace amidst traditional fanfare. Durga Puja is celebrated in several community pandals for four days by the large Bengali population in the city.
Celebrated every year in October- November, Diwali is perhaps the most popular of all Indian festivals. The origin of this festival can be traced back to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana, when Lord Rama returend to this kingdom Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. The whole kingdom was lit up with diyas (earthen lamps ) to celebrate his return. To date, on Diwali day, houses all over India glow with the twinkle of innumerable divas, candles and electric lights. The night is illuminated with the flaming lights of fireworks, creating kaleidoscopic design against the black canvas of the sky. During the Diwali celebration decoration and lighting is done throughout the walled Pink City, with every market competing with the others to pick - up the best decorated market award. There are special prizes for the best decorated individual buildings as well. Most people prefer walking through the street to enjoy this dazzling extravanganza.

Shopping in jodhpur

The usual Rajasthani handicrafts are available here, but Jodhpur is famous for antiques. The greatest concentration of showrooms is along the road connecting the Ajit Bhawan Hotel with the Umaid Bhawan Palace. These shops are well known to western antique dealers, who come here with wallets stuffed with plastic cards . As a results, you'll be hard pressed to find any bargains. And keep in mind that the trade in antique architectural fixtures is contributing to the desecration

of India's cultural heritage. Most places can make you a piece of antique - style furniture and prices aren't bad. Make sure you find out how much extra you'll end up paying for customs charges in your home country.
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