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Goa, located in the west coast of India is one of the most popular tourist destinations of India. Goa referred as the "Pearl of the Orient" personifies sun kissed beaches, lofty palms, majestic churches and spectacular monuments. Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary located at island of Chorao, is a delightful retreat for the bird watchers. The evergreen destination of Goa is a holidaymaker's paradise. Breathtakingly beautiful blue beaches, sensuous silvery sands, fabulous flora and fauna, rich cultural heritage, captivating churches, and terrific temples, Goa has it all. The feasts and festivals of Goa are the other things not to be missed.


History of Goa


Legends Speak
According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that Parashurama, a reincarnation of Lord Vishnu, after shooting an arrow into sea in order to retreat water formed Konkan, the southern part of which was known as Govarashtra, present day Goa.

Portuguese Rule
Owing to its natural harbors coupled with wide rivers, Goa served as a perfect base for the Portuguese to take control of spice trade from Middle East. The Portuguese is said to have come to Goa in the year 1510 and their stay lasted for over 450 years. During the Portuguese rule, Christianity conversions started and with the start of the inquisition, anything other than Catholicism was censored in Goa. Numerous temples belonging to Hindus were destroyed mass conversion to Christianity took place. During the time of the spice trade, Goa reached its Golden Age and it was this time, Old Goa became the biggest city in East that had over 300 churches and a population of 40,000 people. During the late 18th century, the Marathas had nearly defeated the Portuguese, which met strong competition not only from the British but also from the Dutch and French. Portuguese in Goa is however responsible only not for destruction and conversion; they have also helped the state in their architecture, cuisine and lifestyle. A number of beautiful churches, like St. Cajetan church and Bom Jesus basilica have been built during the rule of Portuguese.

Overthrow of the Portuguese
Though India earned her independence from the British rule in the year 1947, Goa had remained a Portuguese colony. In the year 1961, erstwhile Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, sent armed forces and under name of ‘Operation Vijay’, the Indian army took over Goa in just two days. Since then Goa became one of the Union Territories of India.

How to reach Goa

Air
Almost all airlines like Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Air Sahara, Spice Jet, Air Deccan, Kingfisher Airlines connect Dabolim Airport of the state Sometimes even chartered flights are operated directly to and from Goa.
Rail
The main Railway Station is Madgaon. Along with this, other railway stations like Vasco-da-Gama, Tivim and Karmali are well connected by trains with the rest of the country.
Road
National Highways 4A, 17, 17A, and State Highways run through the state. Major cities of Goa are connected to major cities of India.

Distance from Goa to major cities

Cities Distance in KM
Goa to Delhi : 1912
Goa to Ahmedabad : 1068
Goa to Allahabad : 1742
Goa to Calcutta : 2187
Goa to Chandigarh : 2149

Best time to visit Goa
Situated on the western coast of India, Goa has the ideal temperature for vacationing right through the year.

Climate of Goa
The average temperature varies between 25°C - 30°C (67.96F - 81.56F Approx). The average rainfall is approximately 325cms, the average daily hours of sunshine is nine to ten hours in summer and three to five hours during the monsoon.

STD Code of Goa
01832
 
 
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