North India  >  Rajasthan  >  Jaipur

Jaipur is the first planned city of India, located in the desert lands of Rajasthan. The city that once had been the capital of the royalty, now serves as the capital city of Rajasthan. The very structure of Jaipur resembles the taste of the Rajputs and the Royal family. In the present date, Jaipur is the major business centre for the natives of Rajasthan with all requisites of a metropolitan city. The city of Jaipur, painted in pink, grasp the appreciation of every visitor. One


can see that hoary charm still alive in the avenues of Jaipur.

The active streets of Jaipur get plenty of visitors, every year at their footsteps. The Ancient Testimonials in the form of mind - blowing monuments remind one of the past ages. The city comprises the famous structures like Hawa Mahal, City Palace and Amber Fort, the best architectural examples of India. Artistic temples and gardens of Jaipur, marks the atmosphere of serenity and aestheticism to the lands of Rajasthan. The lively city observes its ethnicity by celebrating various festivals like Kite festival, Elephant festival and many others, of Indian origin. All these features make Jaipur, one of the most sought after tourist destinations of Rajasthan, India. The glorious city boasts of its cultural heritage from every nook and corner. Jaipur is the reservoir of Indian customs, traditions, civilization and legacy. Jaipur lies at a distance of 260 kms from Delhi, the capital of India and the city is well-connected with other major cities of India. Every year, People across the globe come to experience this royal capital city of Rajasthan.

History of Jaipur

Founded in AD 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II, Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Pink City with broad avenues and spacious gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and culture. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a timeless quality and are surely a treasure - trove for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.

Once the capital city of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodhaji - chief of the Rathore Clan of Rajputs who claimed descent from Lord Rama. A major trade centre of 16th century, the city, today, has grown to become the second largest city of Rajasthan, retaining the medieval splendour. Packed with history, art and culture, this princely state is a treasure - trove of some exquisite palaces, forts, temples and havelis - standing a testimony to the imperial gran-


deur. But what entices the most in Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and smiling people.

How to reach Jaipur

There are flight connections to Delhi, Kota, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Mumbai and Ahmedabad.
An excellent connection from Delhi is Shatabdi Express which provides a fast, air - conditioned rail service. Other connections to Jaipur are from Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ahmadabad, Secunderabad, Agra, Lucknow, Mumbai and Calcutta. Some important train connections are : Marudhar Express (Varanasi - Jaipur - Jodhpur); 9770 Express (Jaipur - Purva), .Gujarat Mail (Mumbai - Jaipur - Delhi Sarai Rohilla); Shatabdi Express (New Delhi - Jaipur - Ajmer); Superfast Express (Delhi Sarai Rohilla - Jaipur); Mandore Express (Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Jaipur-Jodhpur); Intercity Express (Jaipur-Delhi Sarai Rohilla); Chetak Express (Udaipur - Jaipur - Delhi Sarai Rohilla); Ahmedabad Mail (Delhi Sarai Rohilla - Jaipur - Ahmedabad); Jodhpur Mail (Marwar - Jaipur - Delhi Sarai Rohilla).
A convenient mode of travel to Jaipur is by road, through a network of comfortable tourist buses. Rajasthan Roadways runs excellent regular service of AC and Deluxe Coaches from Delhi.

Distance from major cities to Jaipur
Delhi = 259 Kms
Udaipur = 405 Kms
Jodhpur = 336 Kms
Ahmadabad = 657 Kms

Best time to visit Jaipur
October to March

Climate of Jaipur
Jaipur is a hot place dominated by three main seasons. The summer season persists from Mid-March till June, Monsoons continues from July to September and Winters from October to March. During summers, the temperature rises to 45oC with the minimum of 25.8oC. With such high temperature, it is not preferable to visit the place during summers. One cannot plan to go for sight - seeing in the scorching sun of summers. Being located in a desert area, the climate of Jaipur is dry and hot. Monsoons too doesn't relief the dry city as Jaipur receives very low rainfall. Winter season is the best time to visit Jaipur. The temperature touches maximum to 22oC and gets down to the extent of 5oC.

Languages of Jaipur
Hindi and English

STD Code of Jaipur

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