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Brief of Agra

Agra, the city of Taj, it is one of the most sought after travel destinations in India. Almost each and every tourist coming to India visits Agra and the amazing Taj Mahal. Apart from the magnificent monument, there are a number of other edifices worth seeing on travel to Agra. Most of these buildings were constructed under the rule of Emperor Akbar and Shah Jahan.

Agra

History of Agra

Agra was established by Badal Singh in 1475, it finds mention in the Mahabharata as Agraban. Agra became an important city when the Lodhi Kings they made Agra their capital city. After the Lodhis the Mughals came which heralded a new era and Agra reached its zenith during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan. It was during Akbar's period that it became the center of art, culture and commerce and learning. This trend reached its height when Shah Jahan became the ruler. In the mid 16th century and earlier 17th century along with a lot of other buildings the symbol of love Taj Mahal was built. Today Agra is a major tourist destination in India.


How to reach Agra

Air
Agra city has an airport, situated at a distance of approximately 7 km from the heart of the city. There are direct flights to Delhi, Khajuraho, Varanasi, etc.
Rail
Agra Cantonment station is the main railway station of the city and has direct trains to Delhi, Varanasi and most of the cities in Rajasthan. Trains like Palace on Wheel, Shatabdi, Rajdhani, and Taj Express also visit the city.
Road
The main bus stand of Agra is known as the Eidgah bus stand. One can catch buses to Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Fatehpur-Sikri, etc. The bus stand at the Agra Fort can be used for catching buses to Mathura and Delhi.

Distance from major cities to Agra
Bharatpur = 54 kms
Delhi = 203 kms
Gwalior = 119 kms
Jaipur = 232 kms
Khajuraho = 400 kms
Lucknow = 369 kms
Mathura = 45 kms
Nainital = 353 kms
Varanasi = 605 kms
Mussorie = 417 kms

Best time to visit Agra
November to March

Climate of Agra
21.9 - 45o C (in Summers) and 4.2 - 31.7o C (in Winters)

Languages of Agra
Hindi

STD Code of Agra
0562

Fairs and Festivals of Agra
Taj Mahotsav
Taj Mahotsav is organized annually for ten days during February. Shilpgram (the Crafts Village), the chosen venue for this fair is close to Taj. Here, one can find extensive display of arts, crafts and culture of India along with classical dance and song performances. 'Mushairas' and 'Ghazal' programmes by the well-known Indian artists. The colorful celebrations welcome the Spring with a fiesta of Indian cuisine, dance and music, cultural displays and exhibition of arts and crafts.
Bateshwar Fair
It is an important spiritual and cultural centre boasting of 108 temples of the various gods and goddesses of Hindus. Bateshwar Fair is organized here annually during the months of October or November in the honor of Lord Shiva for a month. Thousands of devotees visit the venue to take holy dips in River Yamuna and participate in the Livestock and Cattle Fair, which is famous in the nearby areas.
Ram Barat
The special marriage procession of Sri Ram, held annually at Agra, is known as 'Rambarat' and precedes Dussehra. It is a part of 'Ramlila', the staging of life of Rama that ends with killing of Ravana, on the day of Dussehra. Its specialty lies in the beautiful 'jhankis' of the deities and the special set of the palace arranged at the chosen venue as 'Janakpuri', the palace of Raja Janak who was the father of Goddess Sita. A major fair is organized in the locality and thousands of people visit the venue to see the fair and attend the elaborate royal wedding of the divine deities. The procession starts from Lala Channomalji Ki Baradari for the Janakpuri venue and passes through different parts of the town. Special chariot covered with silver leaves is used as the mount of Ram while his brothers mount the elephants. The elaborate and heavy headgears look stunning. Teenaged boys play the female characters of the drama.
Kailash Fair
Kailash fair is celebrated to commemorate the appearance of Lord Shiva in the form of a stone lingam here in the monsoon months of August and September. The major fair attracts devotees from all the nearby areas.

 
 
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