North India  >  Uttar Pradesh  >  Allahabad
Brief of Allahabad

Allahabad lies 135 km west of Varanasi in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is at the confluence of the Ganga (also Ganges), Yamuna, and the mythical Saraswati River, the point of their mingling known as Sangam. Also known by its old name of Prayag, the city is an educational hub and a great pilgrimage center, especially the world-famous Kumbh Mela.


History of Allahabad

Allahabad finds mention in the Holy Scriptures-the Vedas and the grand epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and in the Puranas-as Prayag. Hindu mythology has it that Lord Brahma, the creator, chose a piece land on earth, on which the Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati would flow into a quiet confluence. He referred to it as 'Tirtharaj' or the 'king of all pilgrimage centers.' Allahabad's antiquity attracted curious itinerants from even the Far East. Huen Tsang and FaHien,


the Chinese travelers, who visited it in the fifth and the seventh centuries respectively, found it a flourishing state. As time wore on, Allahabad found playing itself host to the royalty, including the illustrious Harsha, Akbar, Dara Shikoh, Khusro, and Queen Victoria. In 1575, the Mughal Emperor Akbar named it 'Illahabas'. Akbar realized its strategic importance and built a magnificent fort on the banks of the holy Sangam. Over the centuries that followed, Allahabad remained on the forefront of national importance-more so during the days of the Indian independence struggle. The chequered history of Allahabad with its religious, cultural and historical ethos also gave rise to several renowned scholars, poets, writers, thinkers, and political leaders. Allahabad today is an important city where history, culture, and religion create a confluence-much like the sacred rivers that caress this God-graced land.

How to reach Allahabad

There is no air link to Allahabad. Nearest Airports are Varanasi (147 km) and Lucknow (210 km).
Allahabad is well connected by trains with all major cities, viz. Calcutta, Delhi, Jaipur, Lucknow and Mumbai.
Allahabad, on National Highways 2 and 27, is connected to all parts of the country by good roads.

Distance from major cities to Allahabad
Agra = 433 kms
Ayodhya = 167 kms
Bhopal = 680 kms
Calcutta = 799 kms
Chitrakoot = 137 kms
Delhi = 643 kms
Jaipur = 673 kms
Jhansi = 375 kms
Khajuraho = 294 kms
Lucknow = 204 kms
Nagpur = 618 kms
Patna = 368 kms
Varanasi = 125 kms

Best time to visit Allahabad
November to February

Climate of Allahabad
The climate of Allahabad is one of the extreme types with annual range of temperature differing by around 12o C. The temperature varies from a maximum of 45.6o C to a minimum of 1.1oC. The weather is one of the finest in the month of January and February. Annual rainfall is 1935.5 mm and the maximum being 914.7 mm (August) and minimum 68.3 mm (December). Monsoon touches Allahabad by 15th of June.

Languages of Allahabad
Hindi, English, and Urdu

STD Code of Allahabad

Fairs and Festivals of Allahabad
The Kumbh Mela is the greatest of north Indian festival-fairs and it has exerted a mesmeric influence over the mind and the imagination of the ordinary Indian from time immemorial. It is held once every three years by rotation, on the banks of holy rivers-the Godavari in Nasik, the Shipra in Ujjain, the Ganga in Haridwar and the Sangam in Allahabad. The Purna (complete) Kumbh, the biggest and the most auspicious fair, which falls once every twelve years, is always at Allahabad. When the particular configuration of the Kumbh at Allahabad falls on a Monday, it is called the Somvati Amavasya and the spiritual benefits increase manifold. The Purna Kumbh is followed by the Ardh Kumbh in importance and this fair falls every six years when millions of devout congregate at Allahabad on the banks of the holy river, braving the hazards of cold, disease, hunger and a myriad other privations, to gain spiritual salvation and contentment. Other fairs include the Magh Mela, which is celebrated in the month of February.

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