North India  >  Uttar Pradesh  >  Ayodhya

The city of Ayodhya is an important pilgrim place for Hindus in India. It is one of the seven holiest cities of India. Ayodhya is the birthplace of Lord Ram, who is an important deity in the Hindu pantheon. This small, quiet town attracts pilgrims from all over the country. Hindu pilgrims visiting Ayodhya during festivals and important religious functions consider a holy dip in the sacred Saryu River very auspicious.


Ayodhya was the capital of the Hindu kingdom of Kosala which was the court of king Dasaratha who was the 63rd monarch of the Solar line. He was the son of Vivaswan. It is said that it was he who founded the city of Ayodhya. Dasaratha was the father of Rama Chandra, the hero of Ramayana. According to the Ramayana, Ayodhya was ruled by the House of Ikshvaku, who was the son of Manu. Ayodhya is also the birthplace of the five Jain Tirthankars. The city is also important

in the history and heritage of Buddhism. Many Buddhist temples, monuments and centers of learning having been established here during the age of the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Dynasty. During the Ghaznavid raids and Ghorid invasions, Ayodhya was the victim of pillage and plunder. When the city was under the clutches of Muslim rulers it lost its strategic and economic importance.

How to reach

By Air:
For Ayodhya the nearest airports are Amausi Airport (Lucknow - 134 km), Bumrauli Airport (Allahabad - 166 km.

By Road:
Connected by road to several major cities and towns.

By Rail:
Ayodhya is situated on the broad gauge Northern Railway line on Mughal Sarai Lucknow main route.

Distance from major cities
Lucknow - 134 kms
Gorakhpur - 132 kms
Jhansi - 441 kms
Allahabad - 166 kms
Sravasti - 109 kms
Varanasi - 209 kms
Gonda - 51 kms

Best time to visit
September to February

Hindi, Avadhi and English

STD Code

Fairs and Festivals
Ramnavami Mela
Ramnavami Mela is held at Ayodhya in Faizabad District of Uttar Pradesh. Ramnavami is the birthday of Lord Ram, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Mela is celebrated in the month of Chaitra (March - April). Thousands of devotees come to Ayodhya to worship Lord Ram at Kanak Bhawan. The temple is decorated and the image of Ram is richly adorned. The holy Ramayana is read during these days.

Shravan Jhula Mela
Shravan Jhula Mela is one of the important fairs celebrated in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. This fair is held in the month of Shravan (August) and lasts till the end of the month. This mela celebrates the playful spirit of the deities. On the third day of the second half of Shravan, the idols of Ram, Lakshman and Sita are placed in swings in the temples. The deities are also taken to Maniparvat, where the idols are made to swing from the branches of the trees. Then the deities are brought back to temples.

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