South India  >  Tamil Nadu  >  Tiruchirappalli

Tiruchirappalli, situated on the banks of the river Cauvery is the fourth largest city in Tamil Nadu. It was a citadel of the early Cholas which later fell to the Pallavas. Trichy is a fine blend of tradition and modernity built around the Rock Fort. Apart from the Fort, there are several Churches, Colleges and Missions dating back to the 1760s. The town and its fort, now in Trichy were built by the Nayaks of Madurai. This city has given great Tamil scholars whose contributions to the Tamil literature have been very significant.

The most famous land mark of this bustling town is the Rockfort Temple, a spectacular monument perched on a massive rocky out crop which rises abruptly from the plain to tower over the old city. It was one of the main centers around which the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle for supremacy in India. The city is a thriving commercial centre in Tamil Nadu and is famous for artificial diamonds, cigars, handloom cloth, glass bangles and wooden and clay toys. shopping malls are located.

History of Tiruchirappalli

History of Tiruchirapalli district dates back to the period of 300 BC when Woraiyur formed the capital city of the Cholas and the same is supported by archaeological evidences and ancient literatures. Woraiyur is a part of the present day district of Tiruchirappalli. There are also literary sources which tell that Woraiyur continued to be under the control of Cholas even during the days of Kalabhra interregnum from A.D. 300 to A.D. 575.

Later, Woraiyur along with the present day Tiruchirappalli district and its neighboring areas came under the control of Mahendra Varma Pallava I, who ascended the throne in A.D. 590. Till A.D. 880, according to the inscriptions, this region was under the hegemony of either the Pallvas or the Pandyas. It was in A.D. 880 that Aditya Chola brought a downfall to the Pallava dynasty. From that time onwards the district of Tiruchirappalli and its region became a part of Greater Cholas. In A.D. 1225, the area was occupied by the Hoysalas. Afterwards, this district of Tamil Nadu came under the rule of later Pandyas till the advent of Mughal Rule.

For some time, the district of Tiruchirappalli was under the Mughal rule, which was put to an end by the Vijayanagar rulers. The Nayaks, the Governors of Vijayanagar Empire, ruled this area till A.D. 1736. It was Viswanatha Nayaka who constructed the present day Teppakulam and the Fort. The Nayak dynasty came to an end during the days of Meenakshi. The Muslims ruled this region again with the aid of either the French or the English armies. For a few years, Tiruchirappalli was under the rule of Chanda Sahib and Mohamed Ali. Finally, the English brought Tiruchirappalli and other areas under their control. Soon after the area was ceded to the British East India Company as per the agreement at the eve of the Carnatic War, Tiruchirappalli district was formed under the Collectorship of Mr. John (Junior) Wallace in the year 1801. Mr. Wallace was the First British Collector. The district was then under the hegemony of the British rule for about one hundred and fifty years till the independence of India in the year 1947.


How to reach Tiruchirappalli

Air
Trichy has an airport about 5 kms from the city. Indian Airlines connects Trichy with Chennai, Sharjah, Kuwait and Colombo.
Rail
Trichy is an important junction on the Southern Railway. It connects Chennai, Thanjavur, Chidambaram, Madurai, Tirupathi, Tuticorin, Tenkasi, Quilon and Rameswaram on the metre gauge and Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kanyakumari and Mangalore.
Road
Trichy is well connected by road with important places within the state and with the rest of the country.
Local Transport
At Trichy the city bus service is available, that provides services to all places of tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani - Mani Guard Gate Bus Stand. Tourist Taxis, Auto Rickshaws and Cycle Rickshaws are also available.

Distance from Tiruchirappalli to major cities
Cities Distance in KM
Tiruchirappalli to Theni : 160.29
Tiruchirappalli to Kottayam : 274
Tiruchirappalli to Palakkad : 222.71
Tiruchirappalli to Agra : 2195
Tiruchirappalli to Ahmedabad : 1832
Tiruchirappalli to Allahabad : 1991
Tiruchirappalli to Bhopal : 1751
Tiruchirappalli to Dehradun : 2576
Tiruchirappalli to Goa : 929
Tiruchirappalli to Gwalior : 2071
Tiruchirappalli to Jaipur : 2335
Tiruchirappalli to Jodhpur : 2271
Tiruchirappalli to Lucknow : 2265
Tiruchirappalli to New Delhi : 2398

Famous For
Artificial Diamonds, Cigars, Handloom Cloth, Glass Bangles And Wooden And Clay Toys

Best time to visit Tiruchirappalli
November to march

Climate of Tiruchirappalli
Min Max
Summers 36.40 C 41.10 C
Winters 18.60C 21.31 C

STD Code of Tiruchirappalli
0431

Trichy Festivals
The Float Festival celebrated during the months of March-April at the Rock Fort Temple draws crowds in huge numbers. Pongal : Pongal is celebrated with great fervor during the month of January. Thus, if you are planning a tour to Thiruchirappalli (Trichy), make sure to chose this period for your vacation. The other festivals and fairs at Trichy include : Mohini Alangaram, Vaikunta Ekadasi, Garuda Seva, Flower Festival and the Car Festival (Dec-Jan) are the other main festivals celebrated.

Trichy Culture
One of the richest centers of Dravidian culture, the historic city of Thiruchirappalli or Trichy as it is also known as located on the banks of the Kaveri River. Trichy is a perfect amalgamation of tradition and modernity established around the Rock Fort. This city is also home to many great Tamil scholars who have contributed significantly to the Tamil literature.

Languages
Arunachali and English

Fairs & Festivals of Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
The Float Festival celebrated during the months of March-April at the Rock Fort Temple draws crowds in huge numbers. Mohini Alangaram, Vaikunta Ekadasi, Garuda Seva, Flower Festival and the Car Festival (December-January) are the other main festivals celebrated at Srirangam.
 
 
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