Central India  >  Madhya Pradesh  >  Gwalior

Situated in Madhya pradesh, Gwalior is known as "the land of music, art and history". It is the birth place of the legendery Miyan Tansen (Music Samrat). An ancient city boasting of its rich cultural heritage of the great Rajput, the Kachchwas and the Tomar dynasties. The city is proud of its ancient culture blended with modern outlook.Gwalior houses one of India's oldest fort the Gwalior Fort which has within its vast premises, the carved Jain Sculptures, the Mansingh Palalce, and several other attractions.

At the heart of Gwalior is its fortress (Gwalior Fort), built by Raja Man Singh Tomar, of the Tomar dynasty. There are many impressive sculptures, which were defaced by Baburs forces and renovated later. The images are in five main groups. Teli Ka Mandir has distinct pattern which integrates a Dravidian roof with Indo-Aryan decorations. Sculptures adorn the utmost part of temple. Man Singh Palace also known as the Chit Mandir or Painted Palace is ornated by paintings of ducks, peacocks and elephants. The other palaces are Karan Palace or Kirti Mandir, Jehangir Mahal and Shan Jahan Mahal.

History of Gwalior

Gwalior history tells the saga of a royal past. The cave paintings and excavations of artifacts dating as early as the Iron Age and Stone Age portray the ancient history of Gwalior when the city was known as Gopadri or Gopgiri. However, the glorious journey of Gwalior as a princely state of India began in the 5th century AD when Suraj Sen, the Kachhwaha Rajput prince, founded the Gwalior Fort. Subsequently the kingdom of Gwalior has been ruled by Mihir Bhoj, Vrajdaman, Mangleraj, Kirtiraj and others.

Various rulers of the Tughlaq dynasty and Slave dynasty have ruled Gwalior in the medieval period. Gwalior, in Madhya Pradesh, came under the rule of the Hindu Kings of the Tomar clan in the 14th century from AD 1486 to AD 1526. This started the rule of the kings like Vir Singh Dev, Udhwaraddev, Vikramdev, Dungrandra Singh, Kirti singh, Kalyanmal and Man Singh in Gwalior. After the first battle of Panipat, Gwalior became a part of the Mughal Empire.

How to reach Gwalior

Gwalior airport is located 8km from the main city. It is connected to all the major cities in India by direct flights.
Gwalior railway station is conveniently located on the Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi -Chennai rail link. Among major trains, the Taj and Shatabdi Express connect Gwalior with Delhi and Agra.
Gwalior is well connected by a good road network connecting all the major places in Madhya Pradesh and the surrounding areas. Gwalior is well linked with Agra (118 km), Jaipur (350 km), Delhi (321 km), Lucknow, Bhopal (423 km), Chanderi (239 km), Indore (486 km), Jhansi (101 km), Khajuraho (275 km), Ujjain (455 km), and Shivpuri (114 km).
Travel in Gwalior
Six seater auto rickshaws, taxis and mini buses are the cheapest and most common mode of transport within the City of Gwalior.

Distance from Gwalior to major cities
Cities Distance in KM
Gwalior to Agartala : 2347
Gwalior to Guntur : 1404
Gwalior to Panaji : 1591
Gwalior to Agra : 118
Gwalior to Gurgaon : 314
Gwalior to Paradwip : 1447
Gwalior to Ahmedabad : 858
Gwalior to Guwahati : 1746
Gwalior to Pathankot : 796
Gwalior to Aizawl : 2214
Gwalior to Haldia : 1371
Gwalior to Patna : 802
Gwalior to Ajmer : 483
Gwalior to Hassan : 1836
Gwalior to Pondicherry : 2030

Best time to visit Gwalior
October to March

Climate of Gwalior
Min Max
Summers 45 C 47 C
Winters 17C 19 C

STD Code of Gwalior

Festivals in Gwalior
Gwalior hosts the Tansen Music Festival every winter in the moths of November/ December. The festival in memory of the illustrious singer Tansen of Emperor Akbar's time attracts musicians and music lovers from across the country.
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